Best Digital Pianos Under $700 (for Intermediate Players)

Best fully weighted keyboards

There are plenty of quality keyboards in the sub-700$ price range that, if chosen correctly, can meet the needs of recreational and intermediate piano players, and provide enough room to grow.

In the past 2 years, many major manufacturers (Yamaha, Casio, Roland) introduced updated versions of their intermediate keyboards with 88 fully weighted keys, which have become even more realistic and technologically advanced.

Note: This article includes only portable (slab) digital pianos. If you’re looking for a console (home) digital piano follow these articles: Under $1000 (Entry-level), Under $1500 (Mid-range).

If you’re only starting out and not fully committed to learning the piano, check out our Beginner’s Top List (Under $500). All keyboards on that list also have 88 fully weighted keys but are more basic and straightforward than instruments discussed in this article.

what piano keyboard to choose

As the market grows and becomes more saturated, it becomes more difficult to find the right instrument.

All those fancy words and marketing terms that manufacturers use when promoting their instruments make things even more complicated.

On top that, the term “intermediate keyboard” can mean different things to different manufacturers.

Some brands equip their instruments with one of those crappy, plasticity keybeds and proudly call it “a digital piano suited for beginners and advanced piano players alike.” BULLSHIT!

In this article, we are going to get to the bottom of it and find out which fully weighted keyboards provide the most value and are suitable for beginners as well as intermediate players.

beginner keyboard buying guide

The main goal of this article is to make the process of choosing an intermediate digital piano as straightforward and easy as possible for you.

We’ll explain every aspect of each instrument and compare them thoroughly so you know exactly what they are and what they can and can’t do.

First, let’s a look at the comparison table below to get familiar with all the digital pianos that made it onto the list.

Best keyboards with 88 fully weighted keys (sub-700$ range)

  • Model
  • Keys
    Modern acoustic pianos have 88 keys. Most digital pianos and keyboards have 88, 76, 73, or 61 keys.
    In reality, 73 keys are enough to play most modern pieces. Some advanced pieces require a full set of 88 keys.
  • Fully-Weighted Keys
    There are 3 most common types of key actions:
    1) Non-weighted - most organs, synths and entry-level keyboards are not weighted.
    2) Semi-weighted - often used portable keyboards and workstations. Spring-loaded mechanizm adds more resistance to the keys compared to the non-weighted action.
    3) Fully weighted (hammer action) is designed to replicate the action of a real piano. It uses small hammers (rather than springs) attached to each key to recreate the mechanical movements and resistaince similar to the acoustic piano action.
  • Simulated Ivory/Ebony
    Some digital pianos come with a simulated Ivory (white keys) and Ebony (black keys) key surfaces, which gives them a nice textured feel, helps absorb excessive moisture and prevents your fingers from slipping off the keys.
  • Touch Sensitivity
    The volume produced by the instrument changes depending on how hard or soft you play the keys.
    Touch Response, Velocity Sensitivity, Touch Sensitivity are the same thing .
    Many digital pianos allow you to adjust touch sensitivity (make the keyboard more or less sensitive to the force of your keystrokes) to better suit your playing style.
  • Tone Generator
  • Polyphony
    The number of notes a piano can play at once.
    The more polyphony the better, especially when layering several sounds or using backing tracks, etc. When you reach the polyphony cap, the piano starts to drop the earliest played notes to free up memory for the new ones, which affects the sound and its fullness.
    It’s desirable to have at least 64 notes of polyphony.
  • Built-in Tones
  • Modes
    1) Split - divides the keyboard into two parts, allowing you to play a different instrument sound in each of them.
    2) Dual (a.k.a. Layer Mode) - allows you to layer two different sounds so that they sound simultaneously whenever you press a key.
    3) Duo (a.k.a. Duet Play, Partner Mode, Twin Piano) - devides the keyboard into two halves with identical pitch ranges (two middle Cs) allowing two people to play the same notes at the same time.
  • Lesson Function
    The ability to use built-in/user songs for practice by turning off the left- or right-hand part of a song and practicing it along with the playback of the other part.
  • MIDI Recorder
    Allows you to record and playback your own performances.
    A multi-track recorder (2 and more tracks) allows you to record several musical parts on separate tracks and play them back as a single song.
  • Audio Recorder
    Allows you to record the audio output of the instrument and save it to a flash drive usually in WAV format (Linear PCM, 16bit, 44.1 kHz, Stereo).
    You can then share your recording on social media, upload it to SoundCloud, burn to CD, etc.
  • Transpose,Tuning
    1) Transpose function allows you to shift the overall pitch of the keyboard in semitone steps.
    2) Tuning function (aka Fine Tuning, Master Tuning) allows you to shift the pitch from the standard A440 tuning in 0.1Hz or 0.2Hz steps.
  • Preset Temperaments
    Ability to change the standard “Equal Temperament” tuning to other tuning systems (used in the 16th to 19th centuries), which are better suited for playing certain styles of music (Indian, Arabian, classical, etc.).
  • Piano Elements
    Simulated (often using physical modeling algorithms) characteristics of the piano sound, which are usually quite sublte but important if you want to get the fullest and the most realistic piano sound.
  • Metronome
    A useful tool for practice that will help develop your rhythmic and timekeeping skills by providing a steady beat to play along with.
    Some pianos allow you change the conventional click sound of the metronome to various drum rhythms.
  • USB Type B
    This port enables you to connect the keyboard to a computer/smart device and use it as a MIDI controller with VST plugins and music apps like GarageBand, Flowkey, Synthesia, FL Studio, etc.
  • Line Out Jacks
    Dedicated 1/4" line out jacks (R, L/Mono) allow you to connect the keyboard to an external amplifier, PA system, mixer and other audio equipment.
    If you're planning on performing on stage or working in a studio, it's preferable to have these ports, even though a headphone out jack can also be used in most situations.
  • Bluetooth Connectivity
    Allows you to connect your piano to a smart device wirelessly and exchange MIDI data with various music apps (e.g. GarageBand, Flowkey, Simply Piano, etc.). This can be used as an alternative to a USB type B port. Note that some pianos can only transfer Audio data via Bluetooth, others can only transfer MIDI.
    Some pianos support both MIDI and Audio data via Bluetooth.
  • Speakers
  • Weight
  • Roland FP-30
  • 88
  • PHA-4 Standard with Escapement and Ivory Feel
  • (Ivory only)
  • 5 types, Off
  • SuperNATURAL Piano Sound Engine
  • 128 notes
  • 35 (4 pianos)
  • Dual, Split, Duo
  • 1-track, 1 song
  • Damper/String/Key Off Resonance
  • (+8 rhythms)
  • (MIDI)
  • 11W + 11W
  • 31 lbs (14 kg)
  • Casio PX-S1000
  • 88
  • Smart Scaled Hammer Action
  • 5 types, Off
  • Multi-dimensional Morphing AiR (2019)
  • 192 notes
  • 18 (5 pianos)
  • Dual, Split (Bass only), Duo
  • 60 songs (+ 10 user songs)
  • 2-track, 1 song
  • 17 types
  • Damper/String/Key Off Resonance, Hammer Response, Damper Noise, Key On/Off Action Noise (adjustable)
  • (Audio)
  • 7W + 7W
  • 24.7 lbs (11.2 kg)
  • Yamaha P-125
  • 88
  • Graded Hammer Standard (GHS)
  • 3 types, Off
  • Pure CF Sound Engine
  • 192 notes
  • 24 (4 pianos)
  • Dual, Split, Duo
  • 50 songs
  • 2-track, 1 song
  • (USB Audio Interface)
  • Damper/String/Key Off Resonance
  • (+20 rhythms)
  • 7W + 7W
  • 26 lbs (11.8 kg)
  • Kawai ES110
  • 88
  • Responsive Hammer Compact (RHC)
  • 3 types, Off
  • Harmonic Imaging™ (HI)
  • 192 notes
  • 19 (8 pianos)
  • Dual, Split
  • 3 song books (106 songs)
  • 1-track, 3 songs
  • 7 types
  • Damper Resonance, Fall-back/Damper Noise, Voicing (adjustable)
  • (+100 rhythms)
  • Midi In/Out
  • (MIDI)
  • 8W + 8W
  • 26.5 lbs (12 kg)

When compiling this list, we were looking for the following criteria:

  • 1) Relatively portable, gig-friendly, no integrated stand
  • 1) 88 fully weighted keys (hammer action)
  • 2) Authentic piano sound (at least 3 different piano tones)
  • 3) A wide range of dynamics: ability to play very soft (pianissimo) up to very loud (fortissimo)
  • 4) Polyphony: at least 128 notes
  • 6) Built-in MIDI recorder
  • 7) USB MIDI or Bluetooth MIDI connectivity (or both).
  • 8) Standard functions like metronome, transpose, layer mode, etc.
  • 9) Price < 700$
  • 10) Only well-established reputable manufacturers (Kawai, Yamaha, Casio, Roland, etc.)

Note that even though most of these keyboards are relatively compact and gig-friendly, there are also perfectly suitable for home use. Most of them can be easily mounted on a table or a desk.

Moreover, there are home bundles available on Amazon that include a matching furniture-style stand and a 3-pedal board designed specifically for each particular keyboard model.


1) Roland FP-30Arguably the best key action, impressive dynamic range

Roland FP-30 review


Roland have been releasing a number of really cool instruments in the past few years, and the FP-30 is definitely one of them.

You may have heard about the quality of Roland digital pianos before, and they just proved it once again – the FP-30 is the digital piano to beat.

For its fairly affordable price you get an amazing quality key action and Roland’s famous SuperNATURAL sound engine, which together provide a natural and enjoyable piano playing experience.

Before the introduction of the FP-10, the FP-30 was the least expensive model in Roland’s portable FP series.

Roland FP-30 keys

The piano is equipped with the PHA-4 Standard keyboard action with Escapement action and Ivory Feel.

The Casio PX-S1000 and the Roland FP-30 are the only pianos in this price range that offer simulated Ivory key tops and utilize triple-sensor detection system, which allows for faster note repetition and more precise control.

The keys on the PHA-4 Standard offers a perfect amount of weight (to my fingers), and reproduces the mechanical movements of the hammers quite accurately.

Roland FP-30 PHA-4 action

The keys are individually weighted and the action is very quiet, meaning it produces very little noise.

Overall, this is arguably the best key action you can currently get in a digital piano under $1500.

When it comes to sound, the FP-30 is just as good.

At the heart of the instrument is Roland’s sophisticated SuperNATURAL tone generator, which combines grand piano samples with sophisticated physical modeling algorithms to produce a natural, detailed piano sound with long beautiful decays and resonances.

Take a listen!

Thanks to the powerful 2 x 11W speaker system and multi-layered piano samples the FP-30 can boast a very good dynamic range from the soft pianissimo to the thunderous fortissimo.

Out of all digital pianos on this list the FP-30 offers the most built-in tones (34) and has the most powerful speakers.

While there are a number of useful features available on the FP-30, including a MIDI recorder, a metronome with preset rhythms, a layer mode, you can further expand the capabilities of the instrument thanks to its great connectivity.

Roland FP-30 connectors

The Roland FP-30 and the Kawai ES110, are the only pianos in this price range that have Bluetooth MIDI built in.

This means you can wirelessly connect them to computers and smart devices to exchange MIDI data with apps like GarageBand, FlowKey, Playground Sessions, etc.

Roland FP-30 bluetooth

Also, let’s not forget about the Piano Partner 2 app, which Roland designed specifically for their digital pianos.

Roland FP30 Piano Partner 2 app

The app will allow you to navigate all the sounds, settings, and functions of the FP-30 using a nice graphical interface, which makes the user experience much more enjoyable.

The piano is equipped with two types of USB ports, type B (for connecting to a computer) and type A.

The USB type A port (not available on the other keyboards) can be used to play back MIDI/WAV files directly from a USB flash drive connected to this port so that you can play along with your favorite tunes or simply enjoy the playback.

Unfortunately, the FP-30 doesn’t have a Lesson function, which means you won’t be able to practice the right- and left-hand parts of the built-in/external songs separately.

The good news is that third-party apps will easily solve that problem, allowing you to use and practice hundreds of songs (each hand part independently).

In my opinion, the Roland FP-30 checks all the right boxes, and is a serious contender to be the best intermediate digital piano on the market.

Realistic keyboard action, great selection of built-in tones, well-sampled piano sound and powerful connectivity options are the things that make the FP-30 one of the best portable digital pianos under 1000$.

Pros
  • Excellent keyboard with Ivory feel keys and Escapement
  • Rich natural piano sound with simulated key-off and string resonance
  • A good selection of built-in tones (35)
  • Powerful speaker system
  • Capable of playing back MIDI/WAV files from a flash drive
  • Bluetooth MIDI connectivity
Cons
  • Slightly heavier than its competitors
  • No dedicated Line Out jacks
  • No Lesson Function

2) Casio PX-S1000 The slimmest digital piano in the world, packed with innovations

Casio PX-S1000 review


Casio shaken up the market quite a bit when they introduced their latest PX-S and CDP-S keyboards in the beginning of 2019.

You wouldn’t find a more unique and innovative keyboards than the new PX-S1000, and its older brother, the PX-S3000.

The good news is that despite the expensive looks and a few of advanced features, the price point remains very attractive, so kudos to Casio for that.

Casio PX-S1000 front panel

Let’s take a closer look at what makes this keyboard so special.

First of all, its design! While this might be not the most important aspect of a digital piano, you can’t help but notice how different the PX-S1000 looks from everything else on the market.

Black glossy finish (rather than matte), touch-based illuminated controls and minimalist design make the PX-S1000 really stand out.

Casio PX-S1000 stand

As of the time of writing, the PX-S1000 is also the slimmest digital piano in the world. It’s 43% smaller than the PX-160 model, and is incredibly compact and portable.

Nevertheless, Casio managed to fit some good quality speakers into its body as well as a fully weighted keyboard action.

Speaking of action, the newly designed Smart Scaled Hammer Action has also decreased in size compared to the previous Privia keyboards, which negatively affected the key pivot length (shorter than Roland’s and Kawai’s, comparable to Yamaha GHS’s action).

This means it’s more difficult to play towards the back of the keys. At the same time, the new key action brings a number of important upgrades.

It has become much quieter, less bouncy, and has individually scaled keys that are covered with textured material that simulates ivory and ebony coating found in some older acoustic pianos.

The sound section of the PX-S1000 was redone from scratch.

The piano samples are taken from a 9-foot concert grand and further enhanced by resonance modeling algorithms taken from Casio’s premium Celviano Hybrid series, which gives the sounds that liveliness and sparkle that some digital musical instruments miss.

The PX-S1000 is probably the most advanced keyboard on the list when it comes to sound tweaking options.

It allows you to adjust piano sound parameters such as string resonance, damper resonance, damper noise, and key on/off action noise.

The focus of the PX-S1000 is on piano, so don’t expect too many bells and whistles from this keyboard.

There are 18 built-in tones including some nice electric pianos, organs, and strings. You also get 60 preset songs that you can each learn and practice (each hand independently).

Here’s a nice sound demo as well as an overview of some of the features on the PX-S1000:

The PX-S1000 is the only keyboard on this list that can run on battery power, which makes it extremely versatile and mobile. You can take it out to the park or a backyard, turn it on and play without worrying about extension chords and wall sockets.

Another unique feature of the PX-S1000 is an Audio in port, which allows you to stream your favorite songs and backing tracks from you phone or tablet to the keyboard’s internal speakers.

Alternatively, you can use Bluetooth Audio, which this keyboard also supports.

Unfortunately, you won’t be able to transfer MIDI data via Bluetooth, only Audio. To use Casio’s Chordana Play app, which has a similar functionality to Roland’s Piano Partner 2 app, you’ll have to use the USB type B port located on the back of the instrument.

While the PX-S1000 is, in my opinion, slightly inferior to the Roland FP-30 and Kawai ES-110 as far as piano touch is concerned (mainly because of the relatively short pivot length), it’s a perfect choice if portability and sound quality are important to you.

Also, thanks to the variety of connectivity options, the PX-S1000 would make a great gigging keyboard.

If you’re looking for something more advanced, check out the PX-S1000’s older brother, the PX-S3000.

They share the same key action and piano sound, but the PX-3000 offers much more tones (18 vs 700) and features including an audio recorder, built-in accompaniment styles, arpeggiator, pitch bend wheel, assignable knobs, editable DSP effects, and more.

To learn about all the differences between these two keyboards go to the Alternatives section of the PX-S1000 review.

Pros
  • Unique, futuristic design
  • Very compact and relatively lightweight
  • Can run on 6 AA batteries
  • Solid keyboard action with a nice feel
  • Natural and very nuanced piano sound with many adjustable parameters
  • 192-note polyphony
  • Decent onboard speakers (16W)
  • Bluetooth 5.0 (Audio)
Cons
  • Key pivot length is quite short
  • Glossy finish is a fingerprint magnet
  • Touch-based controls aren’t tactile
  • No Bluetooth MIDI support

3) Yamaha P-125 Solid intermediate piano from a reputable brand

Yamaha P-125 review


The P-125 is the new mid-range model in Yamaha’s Portable (P) series.

Just like its very successful predecessor (P-115), this keyboard is going to be one of the most popular intermediate fully weighted keyboards on the market considering all the new features and improvements it brings over the previous release.

Note: The Yamaha P-125 also has a 73-key version named P-121, which is identical to the P-125 except for the number of keys (73 vs 88).

So if you’re looking for something even more portable and gig-friendly than the P-125, check out the P-121 model.

Yamaha has keyboards in pretty much every price range and product category there is, so it would be a shame not to include one of their most prominent portable digital pianos on this list.

Yamaha P-125 GHS keys

Let’s start with the keyboard itself.

The P-125 features the tried and true Graded Hammer Standard (GHS) keyboard action, which Yamaha have been using for years in their entry-level and mid-range digital pianos.

It’s Yamaha’s most basic fully weighted action, which can also be found in the P-45 (next model down). But it’s still a decent action for a keyboard designed with portability in mind.

The GHS utilizes 2-sensor detection system and has smooth plastic keys (no simulated ivory); the black keys have a matte finish which gives them a nice non-slippery feel.

Yamaha P-125 keyboard white

The sound is the area where the P-125 shines the most, in my opinion, and there are three components responsible for that:

  • At the heart of the piano is the Pure CF sound engine, which provides an incredible piano sound sampled from the Yamaha CFIIIS 9′ Concert Grand.
  • The 192-note polyphony ensures you can hear every detail of your performance without notes being cut off even when you layer multiple sounds or use backing tracks.
  • The P-125 also has a very good 2-way speaker system, which consists of four speakers with 2 x 7W amplifiers. They deliver and a rich, well-balanced sound and thanks to the dedicated true-circle speakers the P-125 can boast great bass response.

The P-125 has a standard set of features, nothing groundbreaking here. Everything from a metronome and transpose function to Split/Dual/Duo modes and a MIDI recorder is available on this piano.

It’s worth mentioning that unlike its main competitors that have a 1-track MIDI recorder, the P-125 allows you to record 2 tracks for each song, which means you can record each part (either hand part or musical instrument part) to a separate track, and play both tracks together as a single song.

Unfortunately, the P-125 doesn’t offer many options for sound customization. It doesn’t offer any temperament options (except for the default Equal), and it doesn’t allow you to adjust the elements of piano sound like damper noise, resonance, etc.

An interesting thing that the P-125 has is the USB Audio Interface function, which quite rare overall and is not found on any other instruments in this price range.

This function allows to use the USB port to not only transfer MIDI data but also audio, which makes it possible to record the sound of the P-125 directly into your DAW without the need of any external audio interfaces and unnecessary digital > analog > digital conversions as a result.

Despite the fact that some other pianos on the list have more advanced features such as Bluetooth connectivity, more options for sound customization, and a more sophisticated keybed, the Yamaha P-125 is still a solid intermediate piano for anyone seeking reliable action and authentic piano sound in a compact, gig-friendly instrument.

If you’d like to have more tone options, more learning and arranger features and extra connectivity options, you might want to consider the Yamaha DGX-660, which is identical to the P-125 as far as piano-playing is concerned (they share the same key action/sound engine), but gives you much more freedom in how you learn, play, and perform music.

Pros
  • Relatively compact, lightweight
  • Beautifully sampled Yamaha CFIIIS grand piano sound
  • 192-note polyphony
  • Excellent speaker system
  • 2-track MIDI recorder
  • 20 built-in Accompaniment Rhythms
  • Dedicated Line Out jacks
  • USB Audio Interface function
Cons
  • Not very impressive key action
  • No Bluetooth
  • Very limited sound customization options

 

4) Kawai ES110 Natural uncolored piano sound, built-in lesson books

Kawai ES-110 review


The Kawai ES110 is the most affordable digital piano in the company’s arsenal, but without a doubt, the it’s one of the most realistic digital pianos in its class.

Kawai instruments have always been known for their realistic keyboards and authentic piano sounds.

The ES110 is no exception. This model features the Responsive Hammer Compact action with 88 full-size keys with a matte finish for better grip.

Even though the keyboard uses 2-sensor technology and doesn’t have simulated ivory/ebony keytops, it feels very responsive and nice to the touch.

Kawai ES-110 RHC key action

By no means this keyboard is stiff or hard to play, in fact, it’s quite the opposite.

The keyboard on the ES-110 is very quick (quite bouncy as well) and has a medium-light weight, which makes it more versatile, especially for those how like to play some organ or synth sounds.

Beginners who haven’t yet developed proper finger strength would also appreciate this action, as it’s not as fatiguing to play compared as some of the heavier key actions out there.

Kawai ES110 keyboard

Sound is another area where the ES110 excels at.

The ES-110 uses Harmonic Imaging™ (HI) sound processor, which delivers a very natural, uncolored piano sound sampled from the Kawai 9-foot EX Concert Grand Piano.

There are 8 different piano tones recorded using different methods and equipment in order to recreate various nuances and characters of sound (studio, mellow, modern, etc.).

Moreover, the ES110 allows you to adjust various piano sound characteristics such as damper resonance, fall-back noise, damper noise, temperament, etc.

The P-125 and the ES110 are the only pianos in this price range that have 192-note polyphony.

Apart from realistic playing experience the ES110 offers some nice “bells and whistles”.

The piano comes with 3 built-in music books (Alfred’s Lesson Book Level 1A/1B, Burgmüller 25) with over 100 built-in songs and exercises for beginners, which you can practice separately for right and left hand.

Apart from the standard metronome, you get 100 drum patterns to play along with, which makes it much more enjoyable to practice your timing compared to the basic metronome clicking sound.

Surprisingly the ES110 doesn’t have any USB ports, instead it uses traditional MIDI In/Out ports (pro users will definitely appreciate these), which are much harder to find on a consumer grade keyboard these days.

While for basic needs I certainty prefer using a USB type B port to connect to a computer, the ES110 offers an even easier solution.

Kawai ES-110 Bluetooth

The piano has Bluetooth MIDI connectivity, which means you can connect to any smart device that supports Bluetooth and exchange MIDI data wirelessly without using any cables.

So for example, you can connect the ES110 to the iPad and create music with GarageBand or learn new songs with FlowKey, etc.

Another advantage of the ES110 is that unlike the other keyboards on the list, it comes with a high-quality piano-style sustain pedal with half pedal support rather than a flimsy plastic footswitch.

Kawai ES110 sustain pedal

Kawai are probably not as popular as Yamaha or Casio when it comes to mid-range digital pianos, but they have a lot of fans among pianists, and if you are looking to get an organic playing experience, a wide selection of quality piano sounds, and some useful beginner-friendly features, then the Kawai ES110 is the digital piano to consider.

Pros
  • Very responsive and easy-to-play RHC action
  • A wide selection of quality piano tones
  • Good sound tweaking capabilities
  • 192-note polyphony
  • 100 preset drum rhythms
  • 3 built-in lesson books
  • Proper MIDI ports
  • Bluetooth MIDI connectivity
  • Dedicated Line Out jacks
Cons
  • No USB to Host port
  • No multi-track MIDI recorder
  • The action is a bit too bouncy

 


Choosing an Intermediate Digital Piano – Buying Guide

There you have, folks! Note that this list is based on what we believe are the best fully weighted keyboards under $700 you can currently get.

In case you haven’t found the instrument that suits your needs in this article, I’d like to provide some extra information that will hopefully help you find the right instrument.

Here are some of the main terms and aspects of the digital piano world that you’ll most likely run into when doing your research.

KeysAction TypesTouch sensitivityPolyphonyModesLesson FunctionMIDI recorderAudio RecorderAccompaniment Transpose, Tuning USB type A USB type B

Modern acoustic pianos have 88 keys. Most keyboards and digital pianos have 88, 76, 73 or 61 keys.
73 keys are enough to play most (99%) modern pieces. Some advanced (classical) pieces require a full set of 88 keys.

how many keys acoustic piano

There are 3 most common types of actions:

1) Non-weighted – most organs, synths and entry-level keyboards are not weighted.
2) Semi-weighted – common action for budget portable keyboards (usually cost <300$). Spring-loaded mechanism adds more resistance to the keys compared to the non-weighted action.
3) Fully weighted (hammer action) is designed to replicate the action of a real piano. It uses small hammers (rather than springs) attached to each key to recreate the mechanical movements found inside a real piano.

hammer action

If your main goal is to play piano that you’ll definitely want a keyboard with hammer action keys.

It’s the key action that feels close to the real piano keys and will help you build proper finger strength and technique, making it much easier to transition to an acoustic in the future (if you decide to).

Touch sensitivity (a.k.a velocity sensitivity or touch response) is a very important feature of any keyboard or digital piano, which ensures that the volume produced by the instrument will change depending on how hard or soft you play the keys.

It’s not a big deal nowadays as almost any $150+ keyboard have touch-sensitive keys regardless of its action type.

Much more important is whether the keyboard is weighted or not. Keyboards with fully weighted action often have adjustable touch-sensitivity so you can adjust it to your playing style.

polyphony digital piano

Polyphony is the number of notes a digital piano can produce at the same time.

These days, most digital pianos are equipped with 64, 128, 192 or 256-note polyphony.

You may wonder how it is possible to have 32, 64, or even 128 notes playing at the same time, if there are only 88 keys and we never play them all together.

First of all, many of today’s digital pianos use stereo samples, which sometimes require two notes for each key played.

Furthermore, using the sustain pedal, sound effects (Reverb, Chorus), dual-mode (layering), and even the metronome ticking sound takes up additional notes of polyphony.

For example, when you depress the sustain pedal, the earliest played notes continue to sound while you’re adding new ones and the piano needs more memory to keep all the notes sounding.

Another example of polyphony consumption is when you’re playing along with a song playback (can also be your own recorded performance) or auto-accompaniment.

In this case, the piano will need polyphony not only for the notes you’re playing but also for the backing track.

When you reach the polyphony cap, the piano starts to drop the earliest played notes to free up memory for new notes, which in turn affects the quality and fullness of the sound.

You’ll rarely need all 192 or 256 voices of polyphony at once, but there are cases when you can reach 64 or even 128 note limits, especially if you like to layer several sounds and create multi-track recordings.

For an intermediate player it’s desirable to have 128 notes of polyphony or more.

Along with the standard “Single” keyboard mode, digital pianos often offer additional modes that allow you to use two instrument sounds at the same time or playing four hands.

Here are the most popular modes that digital pianos have:

1) Split Mode – divides the keyboard into two parts, allowing you to play a different instrument sound in each of them. For example, you can play guitar with your left hand and piano with your right hand at the same time.

split mode
2) Dual Mode (Layering) – allows you to layer two different sounds so that they sound simultaneously whenever you press a key. For example, you can layer strings with the piano sound or combine whatever sounds you like to get some new interesting combinations.

dual mode layering
3) Duo Mode (a.k.a. Duet Play, Partner Mode, Twin Piano) – divides the keyboard into two halves with identical pitch ranges (two middle Cs) allowing two people to play the same notes at the same time.

Duet Play is particularly useful when you use it with your teacher or tutor who will play you some tunes on one side of the keyboard, and you’ll be able to follow along on the other side, playing the exact same notes at the same time.

duo mode duet play

lesson function

Some digital pianos allows you to turn off the left- or right-hand part (track) of a song (preset or downloaded from the Internet) and practice it, playing along to the playback of the other part.

Pianos that have this function usually have a multi-track MIDI recorder.

midi recorder

A MIDI recorder allows you to record and play back your own performances without using any additional equipment.

Multi-track recording (2 and more tracks) allows you to record several musical parts onto separate tracks and play them back as a single song. You can also experiment with your recording by turning off some of the recorded tracks.

For example, you can record the right-hand part of the song on track 1, and the left-hand part on track two (while listening to the playback of the first track).

You can also create complex, multi-instrument recordings by recording several instrument parts onto separate tracks and playing them back together afterwards.

MIDI-recording is not the recording of the actual sound of the instrument. Here, we’re recording the MIDI data (a sequence of notes, their length, velocity and other parameters).

audio wav recording

A built-in audio recorder will allow you to record the actual sound of the instrument (native samples) and save it to a flash drive usually in WAV format (Linear PCM, 16bit, 44.1 kHz, Stereo).

You can then share your recording on social media, upload it to SoundCloud, burn to CD, etc.

Audio recordings are more universal than MIDI ones because they provide you with a CD-quality audio file playable on most modern devices, and don’t require any additional software, and sample libraries (VSTs) to render a MIDI recording to audio.

accompaniment function

Accompaniment function will enrich your performance, providing full backing accompaniment (rhythm, bass, harmony) that will follow your playing and make you sound like full band.

The accompaniment changes depending to what notes you play with you left hand (chords or even single notes if you don’t know full cords).

In other words, you manage your “band” with your left hand (by specifying chords) and play the main melody with your right hand.

Some instruments offer several accompaniment modes, and allow you specify chords using the full range of the keyboard.

transpose tuning

1) Transpose function allows you to shift the overall pitch of the keyboard in semitone steps. The function is particularly useful when want to play a song in a different key but don’t want to change your fingering and learn it in a new key.

So, for example, if you know how to play a song in F major, you can transpose the pitch and play it in C major without actually learning it in the new key.

You can also transpose a song written in a difficult key (e.g., many black keys) into a different key with easier chords, but still hear it as if you were playing in the original key.

2) Tuning function allows you to shift the pitch from the standard A440 tuning in 0.1Hz or 0.2Hz steps.

You can use this function to match the piano’s pitch finely to that of another instrument or music (old piano, recording).

usb type A to device

This port is also known as USB to Device port or USB drive port. The port can be used for connecting a flash drive to the piano to exchange files quickly and easily.

For example, you can load MIDI songs into the piano’s internal memory for playback or rehearsal (if the piano offers this option).

Alternatively, you can play back WAV and MIDI files (depends on the piano model) directly from the flash drive without loading them into the piano’s internal memory.

And finally, you can save your own performances recorded with the instrument to the flash drive as well as load them back onto the instrument when needed.

usb type B to HOST

This port is often referred to as USB to Host terminal or USB to Computer port. This port is used to connect your digital piano to a computer or a smart device (using a special adapter) to exchange songs/files, and MIDI data.

This port will allow you to use the piano as a MIDI controller to control various music apps such as GarageBand, FlowKey, Playground Sessions, etc.

There are actually tons of other apps that can expand the functionality of your digital piano in terms of learning, composing, recording, editing music.

Some brands offer their own free apps designed for certain piano models. Such apps usually enable you to control all the settings and functions of the instrument using an intuitive graphical interface.


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